Ask a COVID-19 Question
Last updated: 04/07/21
*** Effective January 26, 2021, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel. Alternatively, travelers to the U.S. may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel. Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions. For information on obtaining a CDC testing waiver please see https://nl.usembassy.gov/covid19-testing/
The Netherlands continues to report confirmed cases of COVID-19 within its borders. Weekly updates to the number of infections are being tracked on the Dutch National Institute for Public Health (RIVM) website: https://www.rivm.nl/en/novel-coronavirus-covid-19/current-information. You can also find helpful information regarding COVID-19 on the Dutch government’s Coronavirus Dashboard: https://coronadashboard.government.nl/
The Dutch government asks residents and visitors to comply with the measures in place to fight the spread of COVID-19: maintain social distance (stay 1.5 meters apart), wash hands, sneeze, and cough into your elbow, use paper tissues, stay at home as much as possible, avoid non-essential travel, and get tested at the first sign of symptoms. For detailed information regarding the basic measures: https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/tackling-new-coronavirus-in-the-netherlands/basic-rules-for-everyone.
On March 23, 2021, the government announced the extension of most of the current measures to control the spread of COVID-19, including the nation-wide curfew, that will be in effect until at least April 20, 2021. For details on the latest changes to the lockdown measures visit https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2021/03/23/coronavirus-measures-will-be-extended.
The mandatory measures include but are not limited to maintaining 1.5-meter social distance, compulsory use of face masks in public spaces, and limits to the number guest in personal residences. Visit the Dutch government’s COVID-19 website for more information on the measures. The full list of rules and restrictions is available at https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/tackling-new-coronavirus-in-the-netherlands/coronavirus-measures-in-brief.
The Dutch government has developed a voluntary coronavirus tracking app available for download by all residents and visitors to the Netherlands. The app lets you know if you have been near someone with coronavirus. For additional information visit https://coronamelder.nl/en/.
- Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in The Netherlands? Yes
- If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Yes
- The Dutch government requires a negative COVID-19 PCR test within 72 hours and a negative rapid test within 24 hours prior to departure OR a negative PCR test within 24 hours prior to departure for entry to the Netherlands. For details and a list of exemptions please see https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/visiting-the-netherlands-from-abroad/mandatory-negative-test-results-and-declaration.
- Travelers on diplomatic passports are exempted from COVID-19 testing requirements.
- Anyone experiencing symptoms consistent with a possible coronavirus infection, including loss of smell or taste, or who is at increased risk of exposure to COVID-19 may schedule an appointment to be tested by the GGD. COVID-19 testing can be scheduled online by visiting https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/coronavirus-test or calling 0800-1202 (7 days a week between 8 am and 8 pm). Please note that this test is only to establish whether you currently have the corona virus, not whether you may have had it previously. For more information regarding testing please see: https://www.rivm.nl/en/novel-coronavirus-covid-19/testing-for-covid-19. COVID-19 testing conducted by the GGD is free of charge. For more information on COVID-19 testing for tourists: https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/tourism-in-the-netherlands. Anyone at an increased risk of exposure will be able to request a test. For example, if the CoronaMelder app sends you a notification about an infection risk, or if you have been identified as part of contact tracing efforts, you will be eligible for testing even if you are asymptomatic. However, government-funded testing through the GGD is not available for pre-departure and travel related purposes.
- Many local clinics offer private pre-departure COVID-19 testing for travel purposes. Travelers are responsible for the costs of their own tests and any associated medical care. Please ensure that the test provider you choose will provide test results that comply with CDC guidelines and those of your airline.
- Commercial COVID-19 test centers provide negative test results, including a PCR certificate, via email. Travelers are encouraged to print out the email prior to traveling to ensure you have a copy of the results during your trip. The average costs for a travel-related COVID-19 PCR test in the Netherlands is 130 to 160 euros.
- The U.S. Consulate General in Amsterdam has prepared a list of commercial testing providers. This list is not comprehensive and the information within is subject to change at any time. The Embassy and Consulate are not able to administer or pay for COVID-19 tests. Potential travelers should carefully consider that availability of tests and timeliness of results cannot be guaranteed. The U.S. Embassy and Consulate General assume no responsibility or liability for the professional ability of reputation, or the quality of services provided by the following persons or firms. Note that there are currently no COVID-19 testing facilities in the transit area of Schiphol airport.
- Coronalab.eu: https://coronalab.eu/en/
- International Health Center of the Hague Travel Clinic: https://ihch.nl/en/latest-updates-coronacovid-19-virus/possibilities-for-testing-for-covid-19/
- KLM Health Services: https://klmhealthservices.com/reisvoorbereiding/coronatest/
- VaccinatieCentrum: https://www.vaccinatiecentrum.nl/
- Het Huisarts Lab: https://www.hethuisartslab.com/covid19
- For information on limited humanitarian exemptions to the CDC COVID-19 testing requirements, please review the following page: https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/ea/covid-testing-required-us-entry.html
COVID-19 Vaccine Information:
- Has the government of the Netherlands approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? Yes
- Are vaccines available in the Netherlands for U.S. citizens to receive? Yes
- Which vaccines are available in the Netherlands? Phizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Janssen-J&J
- All residents of the Netherlands age 18 and over are eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Information on the Dutch vaccination program is available on their website at https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/dutch-vaccination-programme.
- The COVID-19 vaccine is voluntary and free of charge in the Netherlands. Invitations to be vaccinated will be sent via email or mail. For information on the COVID-19 vaccination schedules in the Netherlands visit the Dutch government’s website at https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/dutch-vaccination-programme/order-of-vaccination-against-coronavirus
- Residents of the Netherlands, including U.S. citizens, who are registered in their municipality in the Basic Registration of Persons (BRP) or Registration Non-Residents (RNI) databases are eligible for the vaccine and will receive an invitation letter via email or letter.
- The Dutch government strongly recommends registering with a local general practitioner to ensure that contact information is up to date for the vaccination invitation letter that will be sent.
- Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
- The U.S. government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas. Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.
Entry and Exit Requirements
- Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? No
- Travelers resident in the U.S. are subject to the EU travel restrictions and will not be permitted to enter. The Dutch government strictly enforces the EU travel restrictions banning non-essential travel from outside the EU with limited exceptions. The ban went into effect on March 19, 2020 and has been extended until further notice. The list of countries whose residents will be allowed to enter the EU can change at any time.
- A fact sheet outlining the Netherlands’ enforcement of EU travel restrictions is available at: https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/visiting-the-netherlands-from-abroad.
- The current list of countries whose residents are allowed to enter the EU can be found at: https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/visiting-the-netherlands-from-abroad/eu-list-of-safe-countries
- Travelers residing in the U.S. who meet the criteria of one of the limited exemptions as listed on the Dutch government’s website may be granted entry into the Netherlands. For details visit: https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/visiting-the-netherlands-from-abroad/exemptions-to-the-entry-ban
- Travelers with questions about the EU travel restrictions should contact the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs 24/7 call center at +31 247 247 247.
- Visa and Residency Extensions: If your stay in the Netherlands will exceed the period authorized and you cannot leave, contact the Dutch immigration service (IND) immediately for assistance at 088 04 30430. If you are currently in the possession of a Dutch visa or residency card, be sure to have it available during the call. If you are staying in the Netherlands on a short-stay visa and cannot leave the country, you can apply for an extension. If you were not granted an extension of stay, the Dutch government has asked all non-EU residents to return home as soon as they are able. The Dutch government is aware that it may be more difficult to return during this period and will therefore be less strict in enforcing penalties and removals at this time. You are expected to make every effort to return to the United States before your visa expires, however. For more information visit: https://ind.nl/en/Pages/Coronavirus.aspx
Transiting Schiphol Airport
- Travel to the U.S. Or Other Country Outside of the EU: Travelers from areas outside of the EU are being permitted to transit Schiphol airport, remain airside for up to 48 hours, and continue onward to destinations outside the EU, including the U.S. However, passengers will not be permitted to exit the transit area, therefore, they must have a confirmed onward flight outside of the EU prior to commencing travel. Note that it will not be possible to leave the transit area to check your luggage onto a new flight. A list of overnight stay hotel and shower facilities accessible from the transit area is available at https://www.schiphol.nl/en/at-schiphol/services/sleep-after-passport-control. Please contact the facilities directly prior to departure to ensure they will be operating during your transit through Schiphol airport.
- Travel to a Country within the EU: Travelers from areas outside of the EU are permitted to transit Schiphol airport on their way to another EU destination if they are resident within the EU, qualify for an exemption based on the Dutch conditions for entry, or are resident in a country exempted from the EU travel ban. Travelers without evidence of legal residency in the EU or who do not qualify for one of the exemptions to the restrictions must provide evidence that they have permission to enter the Schengen country in question. The traveler should have a note verbale from that country’s embassy or another document from that country confirming permission to enter the country. Without such a document, Dutch border authorities will determine if the traveler will be granted permission to transit via the Netherlands or will be denied entry at Schiphol airport on their way to another EU country. Travelers who do not have a note verbale or other document from the EU country they wish to enter should consider obtaining a direct flight from the U.S. to the country in the EU that will be granting the exemption to the travel restrictions. Entry rules vary between countries in the EU and Schengen zone and travelers should consult with the Dutch Embassy in the U.S. prior to attempting to transit the Netherlands on their way to another EU country.
- Before planning a visit to the Netherlands please review the Dutch government website on the travel restrictions: https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/visiting-the-netherlands-from-abroad/exemptions-to-the-entry-ban.
- Travelers with questions regarding travel to the Netherlands, including questions about the COVID-19 testing requirements, travel restrictions, and exemptions should contact the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs 24/7 call center at +31 247 247 247or download the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Travel App available at: https://www.nederlandwereldwijd.nl/documenten/vragen-en-antwoorden/reis-app-buitenlandse-zaken.
Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes
- All travelers 13 years of age and older traveling from countries not on the EU’s list of low-risk (safe) countries must be able to present a negative COVID-19 PCR and Rapid test result and printed signed declaration when traveling to the Netherlands by aircraft, ferry, train, and by car if traveling more than 30 km from the border. This requirement applies to all passengers including Dutch nationals and nationals of other EU and Schengen countries. Travelers transiting Schiphol airport and traveling directly by plane to another country and remaining in the transit area are also required to have a negative COVID-19 test.
- The negative PCR test must have been taken within 72 hours prior to departure in addition to a rapid test within 24 hours prior to departure. If the negative PCR test was taken 24 hours prior to departure, no rapid test is required.
- For more information, visit the Dutch government’s website at https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/visiting-the-netherlands-from-abroad/mandatory-negative-test-results-and-declaration
- The negative COVID-19 test declaration form must be filled out in hard copy in advance of arrival in the Netherlands. The form is available at https://www.government.nl/documents/forms/2020/12/04/coronavirus-negative-test-declaration-form.
- For information on the negative test requirements and list of travelers who are exempt from this requirement visit https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/tackling-new-coronavirus-in-the-netherlands/travel-and-holidays/negative-test-declaration-covid-19.
- The current list of low-risk (safe) countries as designated by the EU is available at https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/visiting-the-netherlands-from-abroad
Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes
- All passengers arriving or departing at Schiphol Airport and any other Dutch airports must complete a health declaration. The form is available at https://www.government.nl/documents/forms/2020/12/04/coronavirus-negative-test-declaration-form.
- Some airlines are no longer requiring a printed copy of the declaration and will allow you to complete it as part of the check-in process or will allow you to fill it out and save it on your mobile device. Please check with your airlines prior to commencing travel.
- Is a curfew in place? Yes
- The nation-wide curfew is from 10:00 pm to 4:30 am with very limited exceptions. Detailed information on the additional measures are available in English athttps://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/news/2021/01/20/lockdown-measures-tightened-in-response-to-concerns-about-new-variants-of-virus .
- The curfew is in place until April 20. The latest details regarding the curfew are available at https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/curfew
- Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No
- Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes
- The Dutch government strongly advises a 10-day self-isolation period for passengers arriving in the Netherlands from locations that are considered high-risk areas for coronavirus infection, including the United States. For more information visit https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/tackling-new-coronavirus-in-the-netherlands/travel-and-holidays/self-quarantine.
- Country specific information regarding quarantine requirements when returning to the Netherlands is available at https://www.government.nl/topics/coronavirus-covid-19/visiting-the-netherlands-from-abroad/self-quarantine.
- Travelers who are tested for COVID-19 after arrival and who test negative are not subject to the 10-day self-isolation period.
Are commercial flights operating? Yes
- Flight availability is limited and delays and cancellations can occur at any time due to rapidly changing local conditions. Travelers should consult with their airlines regarding flight schedules. For information and news regarding flights and airport operations at Schiphol, please visit https://www.schiphol.nl/en/messages/coronavirus-update.
Is public transportation operating? Yes
- Non-surgical face masks are mandatory on public transport including trains, trams, buses, taxis, and passenger vans. An advance reservation and completion of a health questionnaire are required for taxis and passenger vans. On all other types of transport (such as canal/river boats) passengers must maintain 1.5-meter distance.
Fines for Non-Compliance
- The fine for not wearing a mask in indoor public spaces is 95 euros. The fine for not maintaining the required 1.5-meter social distance or not complying with any other lockdown measures is 95 euros for anyone 16 years and older and 48 euros for children 13-15 years old.
- The Dutch government has authorized local officials at the regional and municipal level to implement additional measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19 and to levy fines for non-compliance. Measures and fines for non-compliance will vary at the local level.
- For questions regarding COVID-19 related violations, crimes, and fines visit https://www.politie.nl/en/themes/corona-virus-and-police-work.html.
- The American Citizen Services (ACS) Unit at the U.S. Consulate General in Amsterdam provides limited routine passport services, Consular Reports of Birth Abroad (CRBA), Federal Benefits (Social Security and Individual Taxpayer Identification Number applications), Certificates of Loss of Nationality, and notarial services including Affidavits of Civil Status. To schedule a passport, CRBA, or notarial appointment please visit our website. For information on Federal Benefits/Social Security/ITIN Services information please review our Social Security webpage. For all other inquiries not addressed on our website and any emergency requests, please email ACS at AmsterdamUSC@state.gov.
- The Visa Unit at the U.S. Consulate General in Amsterdam is offering limited visa services per Department of State regulations and space limitations of our facility. The Visa Unit is currently processing limited immigrant visas and mission critical non-immigrant visa services. Please visit our website for details. If you have an urgent matter and need to travel immediately, please follow the guidance provided at https://ais.usvisa-info.com/en-nl/niv or contact us via email at email@example.com or call +31 20 241 0364 (Netherlands) and +1 703 543 9346 (U.S.) to request an emergency appointment. Foreign travelers to the U.S. are reminded that travel restrictions pursuant to Presidential Proclamation 10143 is still in place. Visa and ESTA holders who have an urgent need to travel to the U.S. and believe that you may qualify for one of the exceptions to the travel restrictions should contact the Visa Unit at AmsterdamCOVID19@state.gov. For information on the U.S. travel restrictions and exceptions visit https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/News/visas-news/national-interest-exceptions-from-certain-travelers-from-the-schengen-area-uk-and-ireland.html
- Dutch National Institute for Public Health (RIVM) COVID-19 Webpage
- Dutch Government’s EU Travel Restrictions FAQ Webpage
- Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) COVID-19 Webpage